Proteolysis

 Proteolysis is that the breakdown of proteins into smaller polypeptides or amino acids. Uncatalyzed, the chemical reaction of amide bonds is very slow, taking many years. chemical change is usually catalyzed by cellular enzymes referred to as proteases, however can also occur by intra-molecular digestion. Low pH or high temperatures may also cause chemical change non-enzymatically. Proteolysis in organisms serves several purposes; for instance, biological process enzymes break down proteins in food to produce amino acids for the organism, whereas chemical process process of a peptide chain when its synthesis could also be necessary for the assembly of a vigorous super molecule. it’s conjointly vital within the regulation of some physiological and cellular processes, moreover as preventing the buildup of unwanted or abnormal proteins in cells. Consequently, dis-regulation of chemical change will cause illness and is employed by some venoms.

  • Non – Enzymatic Proteolysis
  • Protein Degradation
  • Proteases
  • Polyprotein

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